Quick Answer: Who Wrote RICO Law?

Why was the RICO Act created?

The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act (RICO) was passed by Congress with the declared purpose of seeking to eradicate organized crime in the United States..

What does RICO mean in Sons of Anarchy?

Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations ActIn Series 4, the term RICO is often used when discussing the jeopardy in which the club is found. This refers to “Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act” a US federal law that allows additional and often extensive penalties for crime perpetrated by “criminal organization”.

Who invented Rico?

The law’s author, Notre Dame law professor G. Robert Blakey, was said to have named RICO after Edward G. Robinson’s gangster in the 1930s film “Little Caesar.” Over the years, Mr. Blakey has demurred from confirming or denying the story.

Do mobsters still exist?

The Mafia and the seeds of modern organized crime started in the mid-19th century in Italy and its island state of Sicily. The Mafia remains there today, a virtually unbeatable if diminished foe for Italian law enforcement and society.

What does racketeering mean in law?

Racketeering refers to crimes committed at a state or federal level. Racketeering may refer to the act of acquiring a business operation through illegal activity, operating a business with illegally-derived income, or using a business operation to commit illegal acts.

Who is Robert Blakely?

George Robert Blakey (born January 7, 1936) is an American attorney and law professor. He is best known for his work in connection with drafting the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act and for scholarship on that subject.

What is the RICO act designed to do?

Passed in 1970, the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) is a federal law designed to combat organized crime in the United States. It allows prosecution and civil penalties for racketeering activity performed as part of an ongoing criminal enterprise.

Is Rico unconstitutional?

Instead, we have a statute that refers confusingly to “racketeering” and “predicate acts” and “enterprises.” The law is so vague that Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia has suggested that it may be unconstitutional.

What is a RICO violation?

To violate RICO, a person must engage in a pattern of racketeering activity connected to an enterprise. The law defines 35 offenses as constituting racketeering, including gambling, murder, kidnapping, arson, drug dealing, bribery. Significantly, mail and wire fraud are included on the list.

Why is RICO law important?

Congress passed the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) of 1970 in an attempt to combat organized crime. The application and use of the law has raised important First Amendment issues implicating the right to freedom of association.

What states have RICO laws?

State Racketeering LawsArizona.Arkansas.California.Colorado.Connecticut.Delaware.Florida.Georgia.More items…

What is an example of racketeering?

According to the Racketeer Influenced and Corruptions Act (RICO), examples of racketeering include criminal operations such as illegal gambling, prostitution rings, drug trafficking, counterfeiting, embezzlement, and extortion. Such activities can have devastating consequences for both public and private institutions.