What Are The Six Diseases?

What is 4th disease?

Fourth disease: A disorder characterized by a rash due to a toxin produced by Staphylococcus aureus (Staph aureus bacteria).

Measles and scarlet fever were differentiated from one another in the 17th century..

What is the six killer diseases?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

What is fifth and sixth disease?

Fifth (erythema infectiosum) and sixth (roseola infantum) diseases are common rash illnesses of childhood that have long been recognized in clinical medicine. The discovery of the viruses that cause these illnesses has revealed relationships with other syndromes.

What are the 6 viral Exanthems of childhood?

What are viral exanthems?Measles (rubeola)Rubella (German measles)Varicella (or chickenpox)Fifth disease.Roseola.

Which is the biggest disease in the world?

The world’s biggest killer is ischaemic heart disease, responsible for 16% of the world’s total deaths. Since 2000, the largest increase in deaths has been for this disease, rising by more than 2 million to 8.9 million deaths in 2019.

What is the deadliest disease in history?

Cholera, bubonic plague, smallpox, and influenza are some of the most brutal killers in human history. And outbreaks of these diseases across international borders, are properly defined as pandemic, especially smallpox, which throughout history, has killed between 300-500 million people in its 12,000 year existence.

What is the most common disease?

So, without further ado, here are the five most common infectious diseases.Hepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are man made diseases?

Man-Made Diseases Defined Toxic substances in the environment such as beryllium in the air in the factory, sulphur dioxide in the smog over a city, insecticide on the farm, or an improperly tested drug regardless of whether they act as a simple toxin or as a carcinogen, mutagen or teratogen. 2.

What is the first disease?

“First disease” (measles), first scientifically described around the 10th century, is caused by measles virus. A maculopapular rash initially presents on the face and behind the ears. Bluish white Koplik’s spots may be seen on the inner cheek.

What does viral rash look like?

The characteristics of viral rashes can vary greatly. However, most look like splotchy red spots. These spots might come on suddenly or appear gradually over several days. They can also appear in a small section or cover multiple areas.

How long do viral Exanthems last?

They are the result of an infection. Unlike an allergic reaction, viral rashes usually do not cause itching or pain. Viral rashes usually go away after a few days, but may last up to 2 weeks.

Is fifth disease the same as Hand Foot and Mouth?

Unlike other viral infections that usually cause hand, foot, and mouth disease (namely coxsackievirus A16 and enterovirus 71), fifth disease does not typically involve the palms and soles. However, some adults infected with parvovirus B19 can develop redness and swelling of hands and feet.

What does 5th disease look like?

The bright red rash usually starts on the face. Then, red blotches (usually lighter in color) appear on the trunk, arms, and legs. After a few days, the rash, which can be itchy, takes on a lacy net-like look.

What are the 6 childhood diseases?

Childhood Diseases: Measles, Mumps, & MoreThe Facts on Childhood Illnesses. There are so many childhood diseases, infectious and noninfectious, that it would be impossible to list them all here. … Bronchiolitis. … Ear Infections. … Glue Ear. … Croup. … Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease. … Pinkeye. … Fifth Disease.More items…•

What are the 10 common diseases?

Read on to see the top 10 diseases causing the most deaths worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) .Ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease. … Stroke. … Lower respiratory infections. … Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. … Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers. … Diabetes mellitus.More items…

What is the deadliest childhood disease?

Pneumonia. Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of death among children under 5, killing approximately 800,000 children a year.

How long is a virus contagious for?

Most people will be infectious for around 2 weeks. Symptoms are usually worse during the first 2 to 3 days, and this is when you’re most likely to spread the virus.

What does Sixth disease look like?

Pink, flat, or slightly raised bumps around 2 to 3 mm in diameter are typical of roseola (sixth disease).